Nutanix X-Ray Benchmarking tool – Snapshot Impact Scenario

In the first part of this series, I introduced Nutanix X-Ray benchmarking tool which has been designed very differently to traditional benchmarking tools as the performance of the app is the control and the variable is the platform,not the other way around.

This is done by generating realistic IO patterns (e.g.: Not 100% 4k read) and then performing functions against the platform to see how the control (the VM application performance) is impacted by the underlying platforms functionality.

A great example of this is performing snapshots as the first step in a space efficient backup solution.

X-Ray has a built in test which generates an OLTP workload which is ran for 8 hours which for an all flash platform generates 6000 IOPS across the database and 400 IOPS for the logs. The scenario is detailed in the X-Ray report shown below.


The Snapshot impact scenario is then ran against multiple platforms and using the Analysis functionality within X-ray. we can generate a report which overlays the results from multiple platforms.

The below example is GA Acropolis Hypervisor (AHV) on AOS 5.1.1 verses a leading hypervisor and SDS platform showing the snapshot impact scenario.


Each of the red lines indicate a snapshot and what we observe is the performance of both platforms remains consistent until the 10th snapshot (shown below) where the Nutanix platform continues without impact and the leading hypervisor and SDS platform starts degrading significantly.


In the real world, customers use the intelligent features of storage, SDS or hyper-converged platforms but rarely test how this functionality works prior to purchasing. This is because it’s difficult and time consuming to do so.

Nutanix X-Ray tool makes the process of validating a platforms performance under real world scenarios a quick and easy process and provides automatically generated reports where accurate comparisons can be made.

What this example shows is that while both platforms could achieve the required performance without snapshots, only Nutanix AHV & AOS could maintain the performance while utilising snapshots to achieve the type of recovery point objective (RPO) that is expected in production environments, especially with business critical workloads.

As part of the Nutanix Solutions and Performance engineering organisation, I can tell you that the focus for Nutanix is real world performance, using data reduction, leveraging snapshots, mixing workloads and testing a large scale.

In upcoming posts I will show more examples of X-Ray test scenarios as well as comparisons between GA Acropolis Hypervisor (AHV) & AOS 5.1.1 verses a leading hypervisor and SDS platform.

Related Articles:

Nutanix X-Ray Benchmarking tool Part 1 – Introduction

Nutanix X-Ray Benchmarking tool Part 3 – Extended Node Failure Scenario

Nutanix X-Ray Benchmarking tool – Introduction

I’ve been excited to write about X-ray for a while now, but I’ve not had the time. But the opportunity has presented itself where I could kill two birds with one stone and do some performance comparisons between Nutanix AHV Turbo Mode and other platforms on the same underlying hardware, so what better time to review X-ray as part of this process.

So for those of you who have not heard of X-Ray, it wouldn’t be unreasonable to assume it’s just another benchmarking tool to further muddy the waters when comparing different platforms.

However X-Ray takes a different approach, to quote Paul Updike who is part of Nutanix Technical Marketing Engineering:

Normally performance is your test variable and you measure the effect on the system. X-ray is upside down, performance of an app in a VM is the control and our test variable is the system. We measure the effect on the control.

So if all you want is “hero numbers” you’ve come to the wrong place, although  X-Ray does have a peak performance micro-benchmark test built-in, it’s far from real world in comparison to the other tests within X-ray.

The X-Ray virtual appliance is recommended to be ran on a cluster which is not the target for the testing, such as a management cluster. But for those environments where this additional hardware may not be available, it can also be deployed on VirtualBox or VMware Workstation on your PC or laptop.

Also if you have an Intel NUC, you could deploy Nutanix Community Edition (CE) and run X-Ray on CE which is based on AHV.

In addition to the different approach X-ray takes to benchmarking, I like that X-ray performs fully automated testing across multiple hypervisors including ESXi, AHV as well as different underlying storage. This helps ensure consistent and fair comparisons between platforms, or even comparisons between Nutanix node types if you decide to compare model types before making a purchasing decision.

X-ray has several built in tests which are focused not just on outright performance, but on how a system functions and performs during node failure/s, with snapshots as well as during rolling upgrades.

The reason Nutanix took this approach is because it is much more real world than simply firing up I/O meter with lots of outstanding I/O with a 100% random 4k read. In the real world, customers performance upgrades (hopefully regularly to take advantage of new functionality and performance!), hardware does fail when we can least afford it and using space efficient snapshots as part of an overall backup strategy makes a lot of sense.

Now let’s take a look at the X-Ray interface starting with an overview:


X-Ray is designed to be similar to PRISM to keep that great Nutanix look and feel. The tool is very simple to use with three sections being Tests, Analyses and Targets.

To get started is very quick/easy, just open the “Targets” view (shown below) and select “New Target”.


In the “Create Target” popup, you simply, provide a name for the target e.g.: “Nutanix NX-3460 Cluster AHV”, select the Manager type, being either vCenter for ESXi environments or PRISM for AHV.

Then select the cluster type, being Nutanix (i.e.: A Nutanix NX, Dell XC, Lenovo HX or HPE/Cisco software only) OR “Non-Nutanix” which is for comparisons with platforms not running Nutanix AOS such as VMware vSAN.


For VMware environments, you then provide the vCenter details and regardless of the hardware type or platform, you supply the out of band management (e.g.: IPMI) details. The out of band management details allow X-ray to perform simulated hardware failure tests which are critical to any product evaluation and pre-production operational verification testing.

X-Ray then allows you to select the cluster, container (or datastore) and networking (e.g.: Port Group) to be used for the testing.


X-ray then discovers the nodes (e.g.: ESXi Hosts) and allows you to add nodes and confirm the IPMI type to ensure maximum compatibility.


Now hit “Save” and you’re good to go! Pretty simple right?

Now to run a test, simply click the test you want to run and select “Add to Queue”.


The beauty of this is X-ray allows you to queue as many tests as you want and leave the system to run the tests, say overnight or over a weekend without requiring you to monitor them and start tests one by one.

In between tests the target systems are cleaned up (i.e.: data and VMs deleted) to ensure consistent / fair results even when running test packages one after another.

Once a test has been ran, you can view the results in the X-Ray GUI (as shown below):


You can also generate a PDF report for individual tests or perform analysis between two tests including of different platforms:


The above results show and overlay between two platforms, the first being AHV (although it’s incorrectly named Turbo mode when it was ran using non Turbo mode AOS version 5.1.1). As we can see, AHV even without turbo mode was more consistent than the other platform.

To create a PDF report, simply use the “Actions” drop down menu and select “Create Report”.XrayCreateReport

The report will create a report which covers off details about X-ray, the Target cluster/s, the scenario being tested and the test results.


It will show simple results such as if the test passed (i.e.: Completed the required tasks) and things like test duration as shown below:


X-Ray also provides built-in tests for mixed workloads, which is much more realistic than testing peak performance for point (or siloed) solutions which are become more and more rare these days. XrayMixedWorkloads

X-Ray’s built in tests are also auto scaling based on the cluster size of the target and allow tuning of the scenario. For example, in the VDI simulator scenario, Task, Knowledge or Power Users can be selected.


X-Ray provides a tool which is free of charge, multi-hypervisor, multi-platform (including non-HCI) which is easy to use for proof of concepts, product comparisons as well as real world, operational verification.

I am working with the X-ray team to develop new built in test scenarios to simulate real world scenarios for business critical applications as well as to allow customers and 3rd parties to validate the benefits of functionality such as data locality.

The following is a series of posts covering Nutanix AHV Turbo Mode performance/functionality comparisons with other products.

Nutanix X-Ray Benchmarking tool Part 2 -Snapshot Impact Scenario

Nutanix X-Ray Benchmarking tool Part 3 – Extended Node Failure Scenario